Transport of dangerous goods by land:
CHEMICAL, SANITARY PRODUCTS AND ALL KINDS OF WASTE
Transport ADR Valencia
The transport service of dangerous goods by land is higly demanding, requiring a deep knowledge about regulation applied as well as years of experience.
Monllor Group with more than 100 years of history, has both experience and the tools needed for land transport of dangerous cargo.
Our dangerous goods transport company, ADR Valencia, has a big fleet of vehicles that are periodically maintain according to regulation, ensuring the safety of the transported goods. We are a company formed by more than 100 drivers with a valid ADR transport license who know how to act in risky situations.
ADR land transport solutions
We carry out the transportation of rockets, detonators, fireworks and other pyrotechnic products.
We are prepared for the land distribution of flammable liquids and solids under normal conditions, due to spontaneous heating and inflammation or by coming into contact with water they can ignite.
The transport of medical waste is also a dangerous one. At Grupo Monllor we have trucks and warehouses for the deposit of this type of debris.
How many classes of dangerous goods are there?
According to the European agreement “International Agreement on Dangerous Goods ADR” the goods are classified into 9 types according to their Class from 1 to 9. These are.
Class 1_ Explosives:
1.1 Materials with the danger of causing a mass explosion.
1.2 Materials with risk of projection.
1.3. Materials with a risk of causing a light fire.
1.4. Materials with a slight risk of explosion in case of burning.
1.5. Materials that are not very sensitive to the mass explosion.
1.6. Materials extremely insensitive to an explosion.
Class 2_ Gases: with three subdivisions:
2.1 Flammable gases when in contact with heat.
2.2 Flammable and non-toxic gases.
2.3 Toxic gases by inhalation.
Class 3_ Flammable liquids: gasoline, white spirit or paints.
Class 4_Flammable solids: we find three subcategories.
4.1 Flammable solids under normal conditions.
4.2 Substances that can become heated and spontaneously ignite.
4.3 Substances that, when in contact with water, can ignite.
Class 5_Comburent and organic peroxides:
5.1 Oxidizing substances: materials that, when in contact with others, can cause a fire.
5.2 Organic peroxides: very dangerous substances that can cause an explosion.
Class 6_Toxic and infectious.
6.1 Toxic substances: contact with them can cause death.
6.2 Infectious substances: their microorganisms can cause diseases.
Class 7_Radiactive: those with radioactive elements, such as uranium or plutonium.
Class 8_Corrosive: when in contact with them they damage the skin and if they are ingested or inhaled they can cause poisoning. Sulfuric acid or sodium hypochlorite.
Class 9_Substances and various objects: others that are not included in the previous points. An example: is dry ice, which is used to refrigerate products.
Meaning of ADR
The ADR is the European agreement that aims to establish an agreement for the transport of dangerous goods between different nations, which receives its name by its name in English: “Agreement on Dangerous Goods by Road”.
European Transport Regulation ADR
The European transport regulation ADR was sealed under the United Nations during the Second World War in Geneva in 1957. Most of the countries belonging to the European territory have accepted this series of common rules and regulations
International agreement for the movement of dangerous goods
The “ADR permit” is also followed in Europe, but countries bordering the European Union such as Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan have also been accepted, thus facilitating the road transport of dangerous goods.
Compulsory material for land transport of hazardous materials
The ground transportation of hazardous materials must have:
- Professionals with ADR transport cards.
- Vehicles are perfectly prepared for the characteristics of the cargo they carry.
- Perfectly identified signage that determines the dangerousness of the load.
- Material: Epis and necessary equipment for the carrier in case of an accident.
- The CMR consignment note, which is mandatory and is used in all types of freight transport.
Recommendations regarding the transport of dangerous goods
- Analyze in depth the possible risks.
- Design a preventive strategy.
- Classifies and labels dangerous goods following regulations.
- Use the most suitable vehicles for each journey.
- Includes expert professionals.
Type of labeling for the distribution of dangerous cargo
CLASS 1_ Explosives: for the first three subcategories, their label includes an exploding bomb and the number 1 at the bottom. In the last three categories, the number of each type is added (1.4;1.5;1.6) and the number 1 at the bottom.
2.1 Flammable gases when in contact with heat: it is identified with the symbol of a flame (black or white) on red.
2.2 Flammable and non-toxic gases: it consists of a black or white cylinder on the green.
2.3 Toxic gases by inhalation: a black skull appears on a white background.
CLASS 3_Flammable liquids: it bears the flame symbol and the number 3 in the lower corner.
CLASS 4_Flammable solids:
4.1 Flammable solids under normal conditions: their label has a black flame on a background of vertical red and white stripes.
4.2 Substances that can undergo spontaneous heating and inflammation: their symbols are divided into a white background at the top and a red background at the bottom. There is also a black flame on white.
4.3 Substances that can ignite when they come into contact with water: it differs from the previous pictograms in that the background is blue.
CLASS 5_Comburent and organic peroxides:
5.1 Oxidizing substances: a flame in a circle appears on its label, with a yellow background and the number 5.1 at the bottom.
5.2 Organic peroxides: their signal is a white or black flame on a background that is half red and half yellow. The number 5.2 also appears.
CLASS 6_Toxic and infectious:
6.1 Toxic substances: in its symbology appears a black skull on a white background and the number 6.
6.2 Infectious substances: the symbol of the three superimposed moons appears on a black circle and a white background
CLASS 7_Radioactive: It is divided into three categories that contain the radioactive trefoil symbol and data regarding the content, quantity and activity to which they are dedicated. Categories II and III have the upper half with a yellow background and show greater danger.
CLASS 8_Corrosive: they are identified because two test tubes appear, one pouring its content on a surface and the other on a hand. The bottom is black and the number 8 is also included.
CLASS 9_They present various dangers: their label is divided into two halves, in the upper part there are vertical black and white stripes and in the lower part the number 9 appears.